Special Article Describing Statistical Differences of AFL
The official football is the same size and weight as the National Football League ball. Each ball is manufactured by Wilson Sporting Goods.
An indoor padded surface 85 feet wide and 50 yards long with eight-yard endzones.
Goal posts are nine-feet wide with a crossbar height of 15 feet (NFL goal posts are 18 1/2 wide with the crossbar at 10 feet).
The goalside rebound nets are 30 feet wide by 32 feet high. The bottom of the nets are eight feet above the ground.
Sideline barriers are 48 inches high amd made of high density foam rubber.
The Players and Formations
Eight players on the field; 20-man active roster; four-man inactive roster.
Players play offense and defense with the exception of the kicker, quarterback, offensive specialist (the kick returner on defense) and two defensive specialists.
Substitution: All non-specialists may substitute only once during each quarter.
Four (4) offensive players must line up on the line of scrimmage.
Three (3) defensive players must be down linemen (in a three of four-point stance). One linebacker may blitz on either side of the center. Alignment is two (2) or more yards off the line of scrimmage. No stunting or twisting.
Offensive motion: Once a receiver may go in forward motion before the snap.
Four 15 minute quarters with a 15-minute halftime.
The clock stops for out-of-bounds plays or incomplete passes only in the last minute of each half or when the referee deems it necessary for penalties, injuries or timeouts.
Each team is allowed three (3) time-outs per half.
Movement of the Ball and Scoring
Four (4) downs are allowed to advance the ball ten (10) yards for a first down, or to score.
Six (6) points for a touchdown.
One (1) point for a conversion by place kick after a touchdown, two (2) points for a conversion by drop kick and two (2) points for successful run or pass after a touchdown.
Three (3) points for a field goal by placement or four (4) points for a field goal by drop kick.
Two (2) points for a safety.
Kickoffs are from the goal line. Kickers may use a one-inch tee.
Punting is illegal. On fourth down, a team may go for a first down, touchdown or field goal.
The receiving team may field any kickoff or missed field goal that rebounds off the net.
Any kickoff untouched which its out of bounds will be placed at the 20-yard line or the place where it went out of bounds, whichever is more advantageous to the receiving team.
Passing rules in Arena Football are the same as outdoor NCAA Football in which receivers must have one foot inbounds. A unique exception involves the rebound nets. A forward pass that rebounds off of the endzone net is a live ball and is in play until it touches the playing surface.
Overtime periods are 15 minutes during the regular season and the playoffs.
Each team gets one possession to score. If, after each team has had one possession and one team is ahead, that team wins. If the teams are tied after each has had a possession, the next team to score wins.